Distinguished lecture on systems biology

The School of Computer Science’s Distinguished Lecture Series this semester includes  a talk on systems biology that may be of interest for people in IDIR.

Morphisms of reaction networks that couple structure to function

Luca Cardelli
Microsoft Research & University of Oxford

luca

0930–1600, Tuesday 25 November 2014, Lower College Hall

The mechanisms underlying complex biological systems are routinely represented as networks. Network kinetics is widely studied, and so is the connection between network structure and behavior. But it is the relationships between network structures that can reveal similarity of mechanism.

We define morphisms (mappings) between reaction networks that establish structural connections between them. Some morphisms imply kinetic similarity, and yet their properties can be checked statically on the structure of the networks. In particular we can determine statically that a complex network will emulate a simpler network: it will reproduce its kinetics for all corresponding choices of reaction rates and initial conditions. We use this property to relate the kinetics of many common biological networks of different sizes, also relating them to a fundamental population algorithm. Thus, structural similarity between reaction networks can be revealed by network morphisms, elucidating mechanistic and functional aspects of complex networks in terms of simpler networks.

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